In March 2015, UN member states agreed on a 15-year plan to reduce disaster risk by 2030 by endorsing the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, which was adopted at the Third World Conference on Disaster Reduction, in Sendai, Japan.
The Sendai Framework is a non-binding agreement which succeeds the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) 2005-2015. Its goal is to reduce disaster losses by reducing existing levels of disaster risk and preventing the creation of new risk by reducing exposure and vulnerability and increasing preparedness and strengthening resilience.
The Sendai Framework is aligned with the other 2030 Agenda framework agreements, including The Paris Agreement on Climate Change, The Addis Ababa Action Agenda on Financing for Development, the New Urban Agenda and, ultimately, the Sustainable Development Goals.
It recognizes that the State has the primary role to reduce disaster risk but that responsibility should be shared with other stakeholders including local government, civil society actors, the private sector and others.
UNDRR is tasked to support the implementation, follow-up and review of the Sendai Framework.
The four priorities of the Sendai Framework indicate several of the roles the media can play in building resilience and contributing to disaster risk reduction. It plays an obvious role with regard to the fourth priority by promoting disaster preparedness among its audiences, but it can work towards other priorities as well. It can, for instance, highlight local risk perceptions and assessments in its coverage so that they come to the attention at the local and national levels, or seek information about risk governance and plans in a manner that promotes public information as well as accountability.
Strong accountability is one of the cornerstones of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. A set of 38 indicators has been identified by the Open-ended Intergovernmental Expert Working Group to track progress across the Sendai Framework’s seven targets and the associated Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This set of indicators allows the tracking of progress within each country and region, as well as global trends in DRR.
The Sendai Framework Monitor is a management tool to help countries develop disaster risk reduction strategies, make risk-informed policy decisions and allocate resources to prevent new disaster risks. It offers journalists a template with which to explore various dimensions of their country’s progress in implementing DRR measures. It can be used to report on legislation and other measures within their countries.
To achieve substantial reductions in:
A. Global disaster mortality
B. The number of people affected
C. Direct losses in relation to GDP
D. Disaster damage to critical infrastructure and disruption of basic services, and
To substantially increase:
E. The number of countries with national and local disaster risk reduction strategies
F. International cooperation to developing countries for implementation of this framework
The four priorities of the Sendai Framework are:
Understanding disaster risk
Strengthening disaster risk governance to manage disaster risk
Investing in disaster risk reduction for resilience
Enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response
The UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is an international treaty that nearly 200 governments adopted in 1992 with the aim of preventing dangerous climate change. It is the parent treaty of the 1997 Kyoto Protocol as well as the 2015 Paris Agreement. The ultimate objective of the UNFCC and its associated agreements is to stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations in a time frame which allows ecosystems to adapt naturally and enables sustainable development.
The signatories come together on a regular basis to review progress and negotiate new action during the Conference of Parties (COP). Through this treaty, COP3 produced the Kyoto Protocol, the agreement that required some industrialised countries to reduce their emissions of greenhouse gases. At the COP21 in December 2015, the Paris Agreement produced and brought about unprecedented cooperation for governments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
The Paris Agreement builds upon the UNFCCC and for the first time brings 178 nations together to undertake ambitious efforts to combat climate change, adapt to its effects, and provide enhanced support to developing countries to do so.
Its central aim is to strengthen the global response and restrict global temperature rise in the 21st Century to below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, and to strive to limit it to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
The Agreement aims to put in place appropriate financial flows, a new technology framework and an enhanced capacity building framework to help achieve this ambitious goal.
Heads of State, Government leaders, UN High Level Representatives and civil society met at the 70th Session of the United Nations General Assembly and adopted the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in September 2015.
The 17 SDGs are the world's best plan to build a better world for people and our planet by 2030. They are a call for action by all countries – poor, rich and middle-income – to promote prosperity while protecting the environment.
They recognize that ending poverty must go together with strategies that build economic growth and address a range of social needs including education, health, equality and job opportunities, while tackling climate change and working to preserve our ocean and forests.
The Sendai Framework was the first development agreement adopted in 2015. It was followed by the adoption of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals and 2030 Development Agenda by the General Assembly in New York in September 2015 and the new agreement on Climate Change in Paris in December 2015.
Disaster Risk Reduction is essential to achieve the 17 Sustainable Development Goals and, in particular, three of them:
Goal 1: End poverty in all its forms everywhere
Goal 11: Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable, and
Goal 13: Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
More details can be found in this PDF document
Good health and well-being
Clean water and sanitation
Affordable and clean energy
Decent work and economic growth
Industry, innovation and infrastructure
Sustainable cities and communities
Responsible consumption and production
In a piece published by the Thomson Reuters Foundation, Megan Rowling, journalist specialising in development issues, climate change and disaster risk reduction, set out the background to the Sendai disaster risk reduction agreement. The following piece, published on 23 March 2015, explains the Sendai Framework.