These are some key disaster risk reduction publications
The UN Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction (GAR) is the flagship report of the United Nations on worldwide efforts to reduce disaster risk. The GAR is published every two years since 2009 by the UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR) and is distilled from public and private disaster risk-related science and research. It is a global assessment of disaster risk and a comprehensive review and analysis of the natural hazards affecting humanity, disaster risk and risk management.
GAR2019 outlines major risks to human life and material property, ranging from air pollution and biological hazards, through to earthquakes, drought, and climate change. It warns that unsustainable patterns of economic activity hide the build-up of systemic risks across sectors, and that there is growing potential for one disaster to produce or exacerbate another, as happens often in the case of heavy rains which trigger landslides and mudslides following wildfires or periods of long drought. The era of hazard-by-hazard risk reduction is over, it says: present and future approaches to managing risk require an understanding of the systemic nature of risk.
The GAR Atlas presents the risk associated with a number of hazards (earthquakes, tsunamis, riverine flooding, cyclonic winds and storm surge), bringing national data together into a global picture. The GAR Atlas provides globally comparable multi-hazard risk metrics and enables comparison of risk levels between countries and regions and across hazard types. In this way, it facilitates a better understanding of the global risk landscape, enabling the estimation of the order of magnitude of probable losses in each country while taking into account the risk contributions from different hazards.
The 2015 edition presents the case for a broad reinterpretation of disaster risk reduction. It questions whether the way in which disaster risk reduction was approached in the past is really fit for purpose in a world now threatened by catastrophic increases in disaster risk. It shows why the focus of disaster risk reduction needs to move from managing disasters to managing risks if it is to contribute to making development sustainable.
The 2013 edition explored the nexus between private investment and disaster risk and showed how businesses can invest in managing their disaster risks to reduce the costs and interruptions represented by disaster losses and impacts, and how they can enhance performance and reputation by minimizing uncertainty and unpredictability.
The 2011 edition identified effective public policies to address the disaster risk–poverty nexus and the political and economic imperatives and constraints for increased public investment in disaster risk reduction. GAR2011 produced risk profiles for a number of countries in order to demonstrate how a risk-layered approach to managing disaster risks could maximize benefits while reducing costs. It also provides guidance and suggestions to governments and non-governmental actors alike, on how they can, together, reduce disaster risks.
The 2009 edition of the GAR provided evidence that disaster risk is disproportionately concentrated in lower-income countries with weak governance and explores how underlying drivers such as badly planned and managed urban development, vulnerable rural livelihoods, environmental degradation, poverty and inequality, further generate and accumulate disaster risk in low-income communities and households.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is the leading international body for the assessment of climate change. It was established by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) in 1988 to provide the world with a clear scientific view on the current state of knowledge in climate change and its potential environmental and socio-economic impacts. The IPCC reviews and assesses the most recent scientific, technical and socio-economic information produced worldwide relevant to the understanding of climate change. It does not conduct any research nor does it monitor climate related data or parameters.
The Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) is the most comprehensive assessment of scientific knowledge on climate change since 2007 when the Fourth Assessment Report (AR4) was released. It is made up of the full reports prepared by the Working Groups (I, II and III) and their Summaries for Policymakers as well as the Synthesis Report. Work is currently underway on the Sixth Assessment Report (AR6).
GEO is the United Nations Environment Programme’s synthesis of environmental trends, containing baseline information on emerging environmental issues and threats, and policies being implemented at global and regional levels. Its findings and recommendations are the basis of UNEP activities in warning, vulnerabilities and risk assessments.
The Human Development Report is a reference for better understanding development issues.
Since 1993 the World Disasters Report, published annually by the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), has provided the latest trends, facts and analyses of the world’s humanitarian crises, and addresses the question of disaster preparedness and its value in terms of lives, livelihoods and assets saved.
Published by UNDRR, this book provides guidance and policy orientation, as well as serves as a reference for lessons on how to reduce risk and vulnerability to hazards. It is intended for people who have an interest in, and practice, disaster risk management and sustainable development.
This publication, published by the World Bank and UN, looks at disasters primarily through an economic lens. But lenses can distort as well as sharpen images, so the book also draws from other disciplines: psychology, to examine how people may misperceive risks, political science to understand voting patterns; and nutrition science, to see how stunting in children after a disaster impairs cognitive abilities and productivity as adults much later. It asks not only the tough questions, but some unexpected ones as well: Should all disasters be prevented? Do disasters increase or decrease conflict? Does foreign aid help or hinder prevention?
The analysis of urban development of the past twenty years presented in this edition of the World Cities Report shows, with compelling evidence, that there are new forms of collaboration and cooperation, planning, governance, finance and learning that can sustain positive change. The Report unequivocally demonstrates that the current urbanization model is unsustainable in many respects. It conveys a clear message that the pattern of urbanization needs to change in order to better respond to the challenges of our time, to address issues such as inequality, climate change, informality, insecurity, and the unsustainable forms of urban expansion.
PreventionWeb.net provides the most comprehensive news and information on disaster risk reduction, easily categorized by theme/issue, natural hazard or country. PreventionWeb.net offers disaster risk reduction news, country reports, publications, multimedia and podcasts, networks on disaster risk reduction, an events calendar, organization contacts, and all the professional resources you need to develop disaster risk reduction stories.